The Eastern Rat Snake or popularly known as the Black Rat Snake is the largest snake species found in New Jersey, USA. They are non-venomous snake and can grown upto 200cm (79in). The longest recorded total length to date is 256.5 cm (101.0 in). Adults are shiny black dorsally, with a cream or white chin and throat. They are primarily active at night during the summer, and diurnal in the spring and fall. They are terrestrial burrower and excellent climber, and may enter water. These snakes brumate in colder months. Brumation is similar to hibernation – it allows the snake to be mostly asleep, but still wake up for occasional activities, such as drinking water. The black rat snake’s population is considered stable. However, these snakes are often mistreated by humans who are frightened of them.
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